Fierla I., , Geografia gospodarcza Polski, PWE, Warszawa. 2. Węcławowicz G., , Przestrzeń i społeczeństwo współczesnej Polski, Studium z geografii. czy w Poznaniu, Katedra Ekonomii i Polityki Gospodarczej w Agrobiznesie, ul. Wojska Polskie- According to Fierla [] natural conditions are basic but passive development fac- tors. .. In: Geografia gospodarcza Polski. Ed. I. Fierla. PWE. Abstrakty. Analizy przekształceń infrastruktury transportowej Polski dokonano w . Lijewski T., Infrastruktura, [w:] Geografia gospodarcza Polski, pod. red I. Fierli, .

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University of Lodz – Central Authentication System. As regards the number of passengers, the largest airports are the following: Considerable regress has occurred relating to the inland river transport which makes use of mutually isolated, short-distance navigable sections of the Odra River and the Vistula.

Gospodarka Narodowa

You are not logged in log in. Basically, the idea of using long-distance navigable routes has been abandoned. The river route of the Odra River is especially suitable to play such a role. A drop in the amount of rail transport was visible in the road, air and sea transport, whereas conveyance by the rail and inland water transport increased.

The processes have not been prevented by either structural or economic transformations within the Polish State Railways Group. The rail transport is experiencing the hardest moment. Inthe length of the railways network in Poland amounted to 20, km, including 8, km of two- and more-track lines; there were 11, km of rails connected to the system of 3kV direct current.

Basically, a large portion of the network, especially lines of secondary or local importance are undergoing accelerated devastation. It is particularly in the development of this branch of transport that one can notice a clear-cut technical barrier which is posed by the state of the road infrastructure, especially the lack of sufficiently developed motorway network and through highways.


The number of passengers using ferry lines, mainly run to Scandinavian ports is growing steadily. A slight increase in the amount of conveyance has been recorded as regards the sea transport. Gfografia gospodarcze Polski 3. Inthe Polish airports served 18, thousand passengers. Skip to main menu Skip to submenu Skip to content.

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The Polish sea transport fleet numbered ships of a total cargo carrying capacity of 2, thousand tons DWT and gross capacity 1, thousand tons GT. The air transport is experiencing a boom, chiefly due to the opening of the market of the so-called cheap gierla.

The average age of the ships amounted to 20 years. The Transformations of the Transport Infrastructure in Poland. Jagoda GuzAnita Wolaniuk. Inall the branches of transport conveyed 1, Towards the end ofin Poland, the length of the through highways amounted to 2, km, including km of motorways, km of express roads two- and one-carriageway ones and 1, km of two-lane roads of national and regional importance.

The aim of the course is to explain the differences in the natural and socio-economic as well as the facts and the processes that shaped them and the Polish presentation on the background of the European structures. In relation to the potential of the landscape will be outlined historical perspectives on contemporary social influencing economic picture selected Polish regions.

In a situation like this it is hard to expect that the requirements relating to geografiia EU transport policy of sustainable development of all the transport geotrafia, as well as to priorities for pro-ecological forms transport, which rail firrla inland water transport undoubtedly are, will be met.

On the other hand, some regress has been recorded in branches such as rail and inland water transport, whose infrastructure – due to the considerable capital intensity and inertia of the connections system – has faced difficulty adapting to the changing expectations of the market.


Inthe public transport means i. As a result of completion of this course the student should: Inin Poland, the total length of exploited roads of different categories amounted to Lecture, 30 hours more information Practice class, 30 hours more information.

Method and Criteria of Assessment:. Modernization of wharves has also been advanced, the aim of which is to raise the loading capacity and to introduce services of specialist and intermodal container terminals transport on a greater scale.

Gierla of Geographical Sciences.

irena fierla pdf merge

There is a progressing geovrafia of the railways network as more and more fragments of it are being liquidated, others are having passenger and goods conveyance withdrawn.

Copyright by University of Lodz. Raport roczny grupy PKP za lataWarszawa. The period of development has been especially marked in modern flexible branches which are able to adjust to the needs of the transport market, such as road, air and – partially – sea transport. There is mainly local transport of aggregates used in construction industry run along it.

Motorways of the length of km and express roads of the length of km were under construction, motorways of another km in length were at different stages of bidding procedures. Knowledge of Polish geographical environment, basic knowledge of geology, hydrology, climatology, geography, settlement, social geography, industrial geography.

The transportation of commodities amounted to Struktura przestrzenna rolnictwa 4. Inthe Polish Railways conveyed The total length of the major roads of national importance was 18, km, that of regional ones – 28, km, county roads – gepgrafia, commune roads – 99, km.