The story of the life of Emperor Tewodros II of the Abyssinian Kingdom is one of tragedy and heroism Some claim he was the African reincarnation of Ivan the. Tewodros II’s origins were in the Era of the Princes, but his ambitions were not those of the regional nobility. He sought to reestablish a cohesive Ethiopian state . Emperor Tewodros was born as Kassa Hailu in Quara (Gonder) for Ato Hailu and . Emmett Atitegeb in .. became controversial in Ethiopian history. In order to.

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However, when conflict re-emerged yet again inKassa retreated back to Qwara to re-strengthen his troops.

The new Empress, Tiruwork Wube believed she had married below her and was further angered by his refusal to release hewodros relations from prison. Accordingly he tried tweodros break the feudal pattern of local government by personally appointing salaried provincial governors and judges.

Kassa escaped and fled to the protection of his kinsman, Dejazmatch Kenfuprobably his uncle but believed to be his half-brother. The widowed Empress Tiruwork and the young heir of Tewodros, Alemayehuwere also to be taken to England. He developed a very strong attachment to Captain Speedy and his wife.

He successfully overthrew feudal lords and distributed land to the peasants and ordinary people.

An Ethiopian Tragedy by Philip Marsden. In pursuit of this goal, eyhiopian Egyptian force moved inland from present-day Djibouti but was annihilated by Afar tribesmen.

He sought to reestablish a cohesive Ethiopian state and to reform its administration and church.

They promised him that he would get weaponry in exchange for his support against Tewodros. Friday 28 December In Magdala, Emperor Tewodros II also imprisoned all the various princes and nobles that were constantly battling and vying for power.


In burning the mountaintop fortress, they also torched the two churches and town. Retrieved from ” https: The Italian government took tewpdros the port of Aseb in from the Rubattino Shipping Company, which had purchased it from a local ruler some years before. In the course of subduing the Shewans, Tewodros imprisoned a Shewan prince, Menelik IIwho would later become emperor himself.

Ethiopian Treasures – Emperor Tewodros II, Battle of Meqdala – Ethiopia

In earlyhe imprisoned Cameron and a motley crew of European missionaries and artisans. Tewodros II furiously responded that he would never be taken prisoner.

He began with his father’s province of Qwara which was given to him because of his growing power in the area. The widowed Empress Tiruwork and Tewodros’ beloved son and heir Prince Alemayehu, were captured and to be taken to England. These expatriates constructed roads, bridges, and houses and even assisted in the local manufacture of some crude firearms and cannons. The story of how Sir Robert Napier landed and then moved an army of 5, fighting men across miles of rugged, roadless terrain is beautifully told; as is the tale of Tewodros’s own epic march from his capital at Debre Tabor to the mountain stronghold of Meqdela, blasting a road across mountains and gorges so that he could move his heavy ordnance.

Ethiopian Treasures

He ordered European missionaries living in Ethiopia to build him a cannon and, later in his career, hired weapons makers from England to come to his court and build him new armaments. The Era of the Princesis a careful examination of the turbulent decades that preceded the emergence of Tewodros.

Tewodros ethiolian to unify and modernise Ethiopia. Rumors persist that Alitash and Emperor Menelik may have rekindled their relationship and that Alitash found that she was pregnant by the Emperor in the following months. In he met and defeated the numerically superior force of his father-in-law, Emperor Ras Ali, and two years later was crowned Tewodros II, King of Kings. At first he attempted to abolish slavery and to encourage trade.


He would strike a deal with the British – get them to flush out the last resistance to him. Moreover, he gained tewodroe support by his benevolent treatment of the inhabitants in the areas he controlled: However, both Queens could not come to an arrangement and Tewodrls ultimately decided that it would be best to destroy the fortress and consign it to flames.

He garrisoned Shewan forces among the Tswodros and received military and financial support from them. By the request of the Emperor’s widow, the body was later buried in the Church of Magdala. Essentially, Tewodros was a talented military campaigner but a poor politician. Tewodros shot and killed himself rather than surrender to the British army. It was the personal fief of Dejazmach Marua powerful warlord, and relative of Kassa Hailu possibly a half-uncle.

Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Atxe. Kassa Hailu fled and became a “shifta” or outlaw that refuses to pledge their loyalty to the lord of the area. Help us improve this article!

He also wanted to reorganize and modernize the army. Although he failed in these aims, his example was ultimately followed by his successors. The Columbia Encyclopedia, teeodros ed.