Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta, (born —died c. , possibly Bhillamala [modern Bhinmal], Rajasthan, India), one of the most accomplished of the ancient Indian astronomers. Brahmagupta was a famous mathematician and astronomer who lived in seventh century India. His ideas were so profound that they still influence.

Author: Maukazahn Mojinn
Country: Argentina
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 12 March 2015
Pages: 349
PDF File Size: 3.95 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.34 Mb
ISBN: 772-3-75628-670-2
Downloads: 21084
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dizilkree

Brahmagupta lived in a time when it was thought that the sun and other planets revolved around the earth, but he was still able to give an accurate figure for the length of a year, days 6 hours 5 minutes and 19 seconds which he later revised to days 6 hours 12 minutes and 36 seconds.

Mathematically these works include the first known use of negative numbers and a figure for zero as well as a formula for finding bjography area of a cyclic quadrilateral based on its sides this is now known as Brahmagupta’s formula; it is a modified form of Hero’s formula.

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Brahmagupta was an Indian astronomer and mathematician. In addition to being an accomplished astronomer, he branmagupta also a much revered mathematician. He was of the view that the Moon is closer to the Earth than the Brahmaugpta based on its power of waxing and waning.

In his Bbrahmagupta treatise, Brahmagupta criticized contemporary Biigraphy astronomer on their different opinion. Author of this page: He went on to solve systems of simultaneous indeterminate equations stating that the desired variable must first be isolated, and then the equation must be divided by the desired variable’s coefficient. This text is a practical manual of Indian astronomy which is meant to guide students. Here Brahmagupta uses names of objects to represent the digits of place-value numerals, as was common with numerical data in Sanskrit treatises.


Albert Einstein, German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and…. His remaining eighteen sines are,,,, The Nothing That Is: Babylonian mathematics Chinese mathematics Greek mathematics Islamic mathematics European mathematics.


Get Brahmagupta from Amazon. Number theory in the East. That of which [the square] is the square is [its] square-root.

He also gave partial solutions to certain types of indeterminate equations of the second degree with two unknown variables. Both of these texts are beahmagupta written in verse.

In chapter seven of his Brahmasphutasiddhantaentitled Lunar CrescentBrahmagupta rebuts the idea that the Moon is farther from the Earth than the Sun, an idea which had been suggested by Vedic scripture.

The additive is equal to the product of the additives. Bhillamala was the capital of Gurjaradesa, currently known as Gujrat. Brahmagupta dedicated a substantial portion of his work to geometry and trigonometry.

Yugain Hindu cosmology, an age of humankind. In particular, he recommended using “the pulverizer” to solve equations with multiple unknowns.

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Walter Eugene Clark David Pingree. The brightness is increased in the direction of the sun. As a young man he studied astronomy extensively. The text also elaborated on the methods of solving linear and quadratic equations, rules for summing series, and a method for computing square roots. He is believed to have written many works though only a few survive today.

The two [lower segments] of the two diagonals are two sides in a triangle; the base [of the quadrilateral is the base of the triangle].

Almost years later, in the 12th Century, another Indian mathematician, Bhaskara II, showed that the answer should be infinity, not zero on the grounds that 1 can be divided into an infinite number of pieces of size zeroan answer that was considered correct for centuries. He was from the state of Rajasthan of northwest India he is often referred to as Bhillamalacarya, the teacher from Bhillamalaand later became the head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain in central India. The four fundamental operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division were known to many cultures before Brahmagupta.


Other work by Brahmagupta included brahmaguppta progression and theorems relating to right biographg triangles. He further gave two equivalent solutions to the general quadratic equation. A Pythagorean triple can therefore be obtained from ab and c by multiplying each of them by the least common multiple of their denominators.

He is believed to have lived and worked in Bhinmal in present day Rajasthan, India, for a few years. Its perpendicular is the lower portion of the [central] perpendicular; the upper portion of the [central] perpendicular is half of the sum of the [sides] perpendiculars diminished by the lower [portion of the central perpendicular].

Brahmagupta – Indian Mathematics – The Story of Mathematics

Here Nrahmagupta found the result in terms of the sum of the first n integers, rather than in terms of n as is the modern practice. Brahmagupta was an orthodox Hindu, and his religious views, particularly the Hindu yuga system of measuring the ages of mankind, influenced his work. The city was a center of learning for mathematics and astronomy, and he flourished as an astronomer in the intellectual atmosphere of the city. It was translated into Arabic in Baghdad about and had a major impact on Islamic mathematics and astronomy.

See the events in life of Brahmagupta in Chronological Order. Many of his important discoveries were written as poetry rather than as mathematical equations!

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.